Meaning of passport cover colors

Passport cover colors in the world are quite abundant, but there are 4 basic colors: green, red, blue and black.

Passport (cover) colors are often related to politics and geography of each country. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) only provides guidance on the size and format of passports, so color selecting and designs of these passports depend on the country. So far, four dominant colors of passport in the world are: green, red, blue and black.


For some countries, colors are related to religious issues. For example, Muslim countries such as Morocco, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia often choose green as their passport color because it is the favorite color of the Prophet Muhammad, the spiritual leader of Muslim community, who always appeared with green robe and turban.

passport cover color

Green is also the color that appears on many Islamic countries's flag such as Iran, Mauritania, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Some African countries like Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal... also have green passport representing member of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).


According to Hrant Boghossian, Vice President of Arton Group, the unit holding passport data in the world, the red stands for the countries under Communism (including past or present), such as Slovenia, China, Serbia, Latvia, Romania, Poland, Georgia.

This is also the favorite color of some Nordic countries, symbolizing Viking era. Passports of EU countries are often burgundy - a shade of red. Thus, Turkey, Macedonia and Albania also change passport color to burgundy with hope to join the EU. Red is also the most favourite color of best bass fishing lures and top rated rods for bass fishing.


Blue is the symbolic color for the New World countries (North America, South America, Oceania). Members of Caribbean Community (CARICOM) also have blue passport to represent their locations - on the coast.

passport cover color

Some South American countries (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela) also prefer blue passport, which represents their links with Mercosur customs union.


Black passport is the less popular in these 4 colors, belongs to African countries such as Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Botswana, Burundi, Gabon, Angola, Malawi, or countries where black plays a key role as New Zealand.

As for the US, the black passport holders are diplomatic immunity, airport staff have no right to ransack, delay, arrest or detain them.


By: Frank Ernest

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